Security Resources

Security Definitions

Firewall: A firewall is a system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network. There are software, hardware and hybrid (a combination of the two) firewalls. Firewalls prevent unauthorized Internet users from accessing private networks which are connected to the internet, like a home or small office network.
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Hacker (Hacking): The popular definition of hacker has changed to describe a person who maliciously breaks into computer networks with the intent to snoop, steal data, or tamper with files.
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Identity Theft: The act of impersonating another, by means of using the person's information, such as birth date, Social Security number, address, name, and bank account information.
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Spam: The term "spam" is Internet slang that refers to unsolicited commercial email (UCE) or bulk email. Some people refer to this kind of communication as junk email to equate it with the paper junk mail that comes through the US Mail.
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Spyware / Adware: Spyware is Internet jargon for any data collection program that secretly gathers information about you and relays it to advertisers and other interested parties. Adware usually displays banners or unwanted pop-up windows, but often includes spyware as well.
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Virus: a computer program that produces copies of itself and inserts them into other programs or files, and that usually performs a malicious action (such as destroying data)
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Worm: Worms are very similar to viruses in that they are computer programs that replicate functional copies of themselves (usually via network connections) and often, but not always, contain some functionality that will interfere with the normal use of a computer or a program.
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